The deal to release Meng Wanzhou could reduce a nettlesome conflict in U.S.-China relations.

President Donald J. Trump took an aggressively adversarial stance toward China, castigating Beijing for what he called unfair trade policies, blaming it for the coronavirus pandemic, blocking Chinese technology companies from the lucrative American market and imposing heavy tariffs on Chinese exports. The Trump administration also accused Huawei of stealing technology from its Western rivals.

Since coming to office, President Biden has also taken a tough position on China. He has sought to establish the United States as a democratic counterpoint to the authoritarian country, stressing the importance of the West being independent from Chinese technology companies like Huawei, the maker of next-generation communications networks.

But American officials have also sought common ground in areas like climate change and now the Huawei deal.

In their first conversation in seven months, Mr. Biden spoke in early September with President Xi Jinping of China, expressing concern over China’s cyber-activities while arguing that the leaders of the world’s two largest economies could set aside their differences to work together on measures to address global warming. It was only the second time that the leaders had spoken since Mr. Biden’s inauguration, a measure of the rising tensions between the two nations as they seek to tame each others’ global influence.

The Huawei case has deeply undermined perceptions of China in Canada, which has become a hub for Huawei’s research and development operations and also hosts a large number of Chinese students. China is Canada’s second largest trading partner after the United States.

According to a May study by the

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